Spices are as old as human civilization. Throughout the history of nations, various spices have played an important role in shaping the culture and traditions of these nations. To the extent that in the past, spices were considered as a symbol of nations and as a valuable economic commodity.
According to historical documents saffron, One of the most expensive and valuable spices, dates back to 3,500 years ago. One of the reasons for the high price of saffron is that about 400 kg of saffron is obtained from 400,000 saffron stigmas. In other words, out of every 23,000 saffron flowers, about one kilogram of saffron is obtained. It can be claimed that saffron is precious as gold and it is called red gold. Saffron flowers have a light color before harvest and gradually turn dark red.
Iran has been one of the main origins of saffron throughout history. Iranian saffron is a special and luxurious spices due to its high quality and value. About 90 to 93% of the world’s saffron is produced in Iran and exported to many countries. Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world and this red gold represents the history and culture of the people of Iran. Saffron spices is not just a simple spices; it is a symbol of the identity, history and culture of human civilization in countries like Iran.
Saffron has compounds that provide all the unique properties of this spices. The higher the percentage of these compounds, the higher the quality of saffron and as a result, it has a great impact on the unique properties of saffron. These compounds include: Crocin color strength agent, Picrosin is a flavoring agent, Safranal is a factor in the power of fragrance.
One of the reasons for the popularity of Iranian food unique color and taste is the use of saffron spices in them. In addition to extensive applications in cooking, saffron spices also has many healing properties.
Researchers have identified many therapeutic uses for saffron and its flowers, including the following:
Saffron has therapeutic uses due to its useful and nutritional values such as vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, potassium, and zinc. Properties of saffron are effective in purifying the blood and helping to improve blood circulation. Saffron flowers are also good for the body. In most countries, saffron flowers are used to treat asthma, and as an appetizer. Saffron contains carotenoids that are effective in preventing the formation and accumulation of cancerous cells. Saffron acts as an antioxidant and protects the body against free radicals. One of the important properties of saffron is to soothe the nerves. Saffron which is used in food or tea is effective in preventing and treating nervous attacks.
People with high blood pressure can use saffron flower tea in order to treat and control blood pressure. The quercetin in saffron lowers blood pressure and is a good alternative to chemical drugs. In addition, people who suffer from insomnia can use saffron flower tea to relieve insomnia. Saffron with its sedative properties also helps to have a comfortable sleep.
Saffron flower tea can also be used to treat headaches. In addition, it can be used to treat chest pain and cough. Saffron flower stimulates the respiratory system and is expectorant. It is recommended to use saffron flowers when you have a cold. Also, it is recommended, people with asthma use saffron flower tea regularly. In many countries, saffron is used as an herbal treatment for asthma.
The other important benefit of saffron flower tea is strengthening the heart. This special tea lowers cholesterol in the arteries and is therefore effective in heart health.