Generally, diabetes is caused by high blood glucose levels. Approximately, all the food consumed is converted to sugar or glucose after passing through the digestive tract in order to produce energy. Diabetes develops when a person’s body is unable to burn the sugar it receives. To control this chronic disease, in addition to taking certain medications, great care must be taken in the daily diet.
Smoking and alcohol have a direct effect on blood sugar control. Therefore, making changes in a person’s lifestyle is one of the effective factors in controlling the disease.
It can be claimed that controlling diabetes can be divided into two general categories: pharmacological care and non-pharmacological care.
One of the most important drugs used in controlling this disease is metformin tablets, which is recommended to be used between meals at the beginning of the dose, and if the patient’s body can tolerate it and does not show side effects to this drug it can be increased and consumed before meals. Another drug used in this disease is glibenclamide tablets, which stimulate insulin secretion and reduce sugar.
The second important factor in controlling diabetes is nutrition. This is especially important in people who wants to prevent diabetes due to the presence of familial genetic factors. A low-fat diet is recommended for these group of people. Consumption of starchy foods such as potatoes, bread and pasta should also be limited. Of course, this does not mean that these substances should be removed from a person’s diet, but they should be consumed according to the regular diet plan.
Another effective factor in controlling diabetes is exercise and physical activity. Sedentary people are more at risk for diabetes than others. Exercise not only increases blood sugar consumption; but also, it helps to better secrete insulin in the body. Aerobic exercises such as walking, swimming and cycling are the most suitable choices for these patients.