Diabetes is a dangerous disease in which the body cannot burn the sugar received to produce energy. In recent years, diabetes has become one of the most common causes of cardiovascular disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness and amputation. Diabetics are twice as likely as normal people to have heart disease and twice as likely as normal people to die of heart disease.
There are different types of diabetes, including:
Type 1 diabetes
A person develops this type of diabetes when the pancreatic cells no longer secrete any insulin. Most people with type 1 diabetes are children, adolescents, and people under the age of 30.
Generally, symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:
• Excessive thirst, fatigue, severe hunger, frequent urination
• Weight loss, boredom
Type 2 diabetes
This type of diabetes is the most important type and is known as “adult diabetes”. About 90% of diabetics fall into this category. In the body of these people, insulin is secreted enough, but for some reason, it is not effective. Impaired hormonal response and insulin resistance are the main causes of “hyperglycemia” or “hyperglycemia”.
The most important symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:
• Frequent and excessive thirst
• Frequent urination
• Being nervous and bored
• Visual impairment
• Numbness or tingling in the fingers
• late healing of wounds
About 3 to 5 percent of pregnant women develop diabetes, especially in late pregnancy. Pregnant women who are prone to diabetes are at high risk and should be under the constant supervision of a specialist doctor. Although diabetes goes away after birth, it may come back in later pregnancy. About 50% of women who develop diabetes during pregnancy may develop diabetes permanently.
Diabetes along with other diseases
Diabetes also occurs in some people with certain diseases (for example, thalassemia, pancreatic diseases, endocrine diseases, etc.).