Undoubtedly, dates, like other export products in the world, will face various obstacles in the way of export. In this article, we try to acquaint you with these obstacles and provide you with the necessary information.
About 7 million tons of dates are produced annually in the world, and our country has a special place in this with the production of more than one million and forty thousand tons of dates. Iran accounts for 15% of world production and 21% of the world’s date cultivation area. Given these figures, investing and exporting dates to other countries can be very cost-effective.
Iran is one of the major producers and exporters of dates in the world. Iranian dates are another export agricultural product for currency and income generation of the country, so that today many Iranian exporters use this product as a profitable product for export.
Dates have a wide variety of uses and this has led to increased demand for this product worldwide. In general, we can say that this product and its products are used in some foods, in the form of juice, date sauce, compote and jam, as well as in the industries of alcohol production, production of citric acid, yeasts, therefore the consumer market of this product It is even expanding in industrial use.
Dates account for a large volume of agricultural exports during the year and are one of the five major export agricultural products in Iran. Exports of this product from Iran are generally divided into seven categories: Mazafati, Colonial, Shahani, Bakab, Pyarom, Zahedi and other dates, and among them, Mazafati dates have a major share of exports. Pyaram dates are the most expensive dates for export in Iran, which have gained a lot of fans around the world.
Considering the income from the export of this product, the export of dates and its products can have a significant share in non-oil currency and increase the country’s currency balance. Due to the openings in recent years in the field of non-oil exports, but still there are many obstacles and problems in the export of dates, which we will address in this article.
As mentioned before, about 7 million tons of dates are produced annually in the world, and Iran is responsible for the production of more than one million and forty thousand tons. According to the latest information from the Statistics Center of Iran and the Agricultural Products Statistics of the Ministry of Jihad for Agriculture, which is related to 1396, the amount of date production in the country has increased more than 5 times over the past 25 years , Has reached 277 tons in 1396.
During this period, 31,539,000 (31.5 million) have been added to the country’s palm trees, and this figure has increased from 12,981,000 (13 million) in 1991 to 44,520,000 (5/5). 44 million) has been reached in 1396. Regarding the area under date cultivation in the country, most of the fertile orchards belong to Kerman province. In the south of Kerman province, there are 28,500 hectares and in other parts of Kerman province, there are 24,200 hectares of fertile date orchards, which together with 52,700 hectares make up about 26.5% of the area under cultivation of fertile date trees in the country. Give.
The total area of fertile date trees in the whole country is 198,510 hectares. After Kerman province, the highest area under fertile date orchards was in Sistan and Baluchestan (32,200 hectares), Bushehr (29,509 hectares), Hormozgan (29,500 hectares), Fars (25,800 hectares), respectively. It belongs to Khuzestan (24,800 hectares), Yazd (2,045 hectares) and.. These figures give us the promise that the export of dates can be a way for entrepreneurship among the youth and economic opening, but unfortunately this path is a bit uneven and faces challenges.
In 1396, the fertile area of horticultural products in Iran was approximately 2.23 million hectares. It is interesting to note that the total area of fertile date trees in the whole country is equal to 198,510 hectares and in this regard, dates constitute 8.9% of the total fertile area of horticultural products in the country and among the horticultural products is the fourth place. Is dedicated to itself.
The amount of date production in the provinces of Iran Regarding the production of dates in the provinces of Iran, the southern region of Kerman province with the production of 181,800 tons of dates has the highest production in the country. Other regions of Kerman province also have a production of 117,600 tons.
After Kerman province, Sistan and Baluchestan province with the production of 178,299 tons has the second rank of date production in the country, then Khuzestan province (144,200 tons), Bushehr (142,019 tons), Fars (138,300 tons) respectively. Tons), Hormozgan (125,899 tons), Yazd (7,500 tons) and the next categories of date production in Iran. This has led to the export of dates from these provinces much more than other provinces.
Yield per hectare If we want to examine the yield in hectares of different provinces of Iran, we must say that Sistan and Baluchestan province with 6,378 kg per hectare has the highest yield among the provinces. It is interesting to know that the production of horticultural products in Iran is 16.52 million tons. The total production of dates in Iran is equal to 1,042,277 tons (1.04 million tons) and this product constitutes about 6.3% of the total production of horticultural products in the country and in the fourth rank of horticultural production. Is located.
What are the barriers to exporting Iranian dates to other countries? When we talk about barriers to date exports, one of the main barriers is certainly the lack of communication with target markets. Other obstacles include exchange rate instability, current national export laws, non-export bonuses and working capital to buy produce from gardeners, insufficient support for the private sector to attend specialized exhibitions abroad, and problems.
He noted restrictions on the return of export earnings due to banking problems. But now the question arises, what is the solution? What strategies should be considered to expand date exports? Strategies to be considered for the development of Iranian date exports. Undoubtedly, the existing barriers to the export of this product have played a great role in reducing the motivation of date exporters, so we must act as soon as possible to eliminate these problems and develop the export of this product.
Establishment of trade-export groups in each province, material and spiritual support for holding industrial tours in line with the presence of trade delegations in international exhibitions, granting low-interest and long-term loans to traders to buy dates under the supervision of the National Date Association of Iran Have a great impact on removing barriers to export of this product.
Lack of communication with target markets and lack of obligation to comply with their demand, high cost due to petty ownership and uneconomical dimensions of gardens, rising prices of production inputs and lack of cost management are other obstacles that are as fast as possible. They must be addressed.