What is borage?


Borage (Echium) is the name of a genus of borage and is one of the most important medicinal plants in traditional Iranian medicine.

Borage flowers have two famous genera in Iran that should not be confused with each other: cattle flower flower (from Echium genus), (Arabic لسان الثور) grows in the foothills of the Alborz Mountains and borage plant (from Borage genus) (in Arabic Marmakhoz ) Which goes to Isfahan, Azerbaijan and other cities of Iran and other countries and is mistakenly known as the tongue of the cow. Both plants belong to the genus Borage, but differ in genus.


Echium can be called the Persian borage flower and Borage the European borage plant, because this mistake, which has been misleading doctors and pharmacists for several centuries, can be eliminated. These two plants are different, only their flowers are slightly similar.


The medicinal properties of these two plants are slightly different. Iranian borage flowers are larger than European borage flowers. The borage flower is azure and resembles a pomegranate flower and its seeds are round and glazed and can be found in the mountains of Alborz. Borage grows in Isfahan, Azerbaijan and other cities of Iran, has small azure and circular flowers. The European borage plant was brought from North Africa to Spain, where it was grown and introduced into traditional European medicine. One of the properties of European borage is that it increases sweat and urine.

Borage is an annual herbaceous plant whose stem grows to a height of 60 cm.


Iranian borage, which is a car plant, has flowers in the shape of pomegranate flowers and azure and purple. The flowers of the Iranian borage are larger than the flowers of the European borage.


This plant contains mucilage, sugar, tannins and phenolic compounds as well as a small amount of alkaloids (sedatives). The plant flower is considered as one of the richest sources of essential fatty acids as it is known as the richest source for ( Gamma Linoenic Acid (GLA) has been introduced to humans. Borage is an annual herbaceous plant that blooms from May to September.

Borage in Iran is mostly found in the heights of Ramsar, Rudsar and Shahsavar as a car and also a field. Cold and semi-humid mountain climates with intermittent rains during spring and summer are good for growing this plant.

Propagation and planting method:


Borage is planted in two seasons, autumn and spring, and the best method of sowing seeds is in autumn. Planting depth is 12 cm and the distance between plants is 50 to 40 cm and the distance between rows is 6070 cm.

The amount of seed consumption per hectare is 1015 kg. The useful life of the borage plant is 2 years and its maximum life is 4 years. In areas with sufficient rainfall and suitable rainfall distribution, cultivation is done in the dry season. But in arid areas such as Isfahan, regular irrigation is needed. The most important pest of this plant is the leaf-eating worm, which causes the most damage to the plant at the time of harvest, and since chemical control is not appropriate at this time, it is necessary to use biological control.

Product harvest:

The process of potting flowers takes place in early June and the arranged flowers are spread on a cloth or plastic tablecloths 2-3 cm high next to the field and placed on the cloth to prevent sun exposure. Of course, drying the product in the shade is better and will give a better product. It is necessary to stir the flowers while drying. A quality flower is a flower that has a white tail and purple petals. Its yield is about 10001100 kg of fresh flowers, from which about 250300 kg of dried flowers are obtained.

Beef tongue flower and a thousand and one properties


Beetle flower is a very important medicinal plant that has many healing properties. From the past until now, Iranians are familiar with the properties of ox-tongue flowers and to benefit from the healing properties of this plant, they dry the flowers and leaves of ox-tongue flowers and use it to prepare tea, tea and sweat of cow-tongue flowers.


The nature of the tongue of the cow


The nature of borage is warm and moist and this plant is rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, anthocyanins, gamma linoleic acid, choline, B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium, calcium, iron and potassium. To benefit from the healing properties of this The plant dries the flowers and leaves of the ox-tongue and uses it to make tea, tea, and the sweat of the ox-tongue.


Many benefits have been mentioned for this plant, the most important of which are:


Prevention of menopause associated with menopause

Postmenopausal women with mood swings can use borage supplements instead of hormonal therapies.
Beef tongue is a nerve and psychic booster

Beef flower tea strengthens the nerves, psyche and five senses, and is invigorating and cures sensory disorders.


Treatment of colds, shortness of breath with ox tongue flowers


Beef tongue tea with a little Omani lemon, honey is useful for treating colds, shortness of breath and sore throat. This tea cures colds of the cold season and will act as a strong ointment.

Borage cures chronic coughs, respiratory arrests and mild asthma, and borage can be mixed with chamomile, valerian, anemone and brewed from these plants 2-3 times a day to treat coughs. Drink dry.


Beef tongue flowers for the treatment of oral diseases

The fresh leaves of the ox flower tongue in time of dirty mouth pimples of children, thrush, looseness of the root canal in time and is effective in relieving the heat of the mouth.
Treatment of Oral Diseases with Cattle Tongue Flowers This may be why traditional medicine specialists prescribe the use of cattle tongue flowers to treat oral diseases.


Beef tongue flowers to prevent cancer

One of the properties of beef tongue flower is that it is anti-cancer. Beef tongue flower contains magnesium and prevents cancer. Various cancers such as prostate, breast and liver can be treated with borage.


Properties of ox-tongue flowers on hot days

Pouring fresh leaves of cow dung in salads and soaking fresh flowers of this plant in water and mixing it with lemon juice and sugar is very refreshing and cooling for hot days.


enefits of ox tongue flower for skin

Borage leaf extract is an emollient compound for dry skin and relieves itchy skin. Borage leaf extract with an equal amount of water is useful for dry or itchy skin and treatment of nerve pimples on the skin and it can be rubbed on the pimples.
Rubbing borage oil on your head reduces many scalp and hair problems.


Beef tongue flower for the treatment of folliculitis

Borage is a treatment for folliculitis in which your hair follicles become inflamed and damaged due to infection and hair falls out.


Consumption of ox-tongue flowers in pregnancy, lactation and in children

Consumption of borage in pregnancy due to the presence of alkaloids causes harm to the fetus. Pregnant women should avoid any arbitrary use of herbal decoctions or infusions during pregnancy. Consumption of borage due to the presence of alkaloids for lactating women and children It is harmful.


Menstruation and menstruation

Consumption of borage tea for more than five consecutive days causes menstruation in women. Borage infusion is effective for treating back pain and heartburn during menstruation due to its natural anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.


Beef tongue flowers to improve intestinal function

Borage oil promotes intestinal motility and improves intestinal function. People with intestinal laziness are better off consuming ox tongue flowers.


Beef tongue flower for the treatment of heart disease

Consumption of ox tongue flower prevents stroke and heart attack and disorders of the cardiovascular system.


Reduce alcohol cravings

Try borage to quit alcohol addiction because borage can reduce your cravings for alcohol and help improve the sleep patterns of alcoholics by suppressing certain neurotransmitters.


Beef tongue flowers for urinary tract infections

Borage contains a lot of potassium and calcium, which are very diuretic and eliminate infections by increasing the frequency of urination and treat urinary tract infections.


Treatment of Hyperactivity Disorder

Borage has been very useful in the treatment of ADHD, and since Borage strengthens the five senses, it can lead to more concentration and treatment of ADHD.


Beef tongue tongue useful for Alzheimer’s

Borage oil increases the transmission of nerve waves and reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.


Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Borage oil is effective in reducing the symptoms of MS such as muscle spasms and numbness of the limbs.


Beef tongue flowers to improve bone health

Borage has a lot of calcium, which has a great effect on bone health in middle age and helps prevent osteoporosis.

How to brew cow tongue flowers


To use this plant, put some borage flowers (two to five ounces) with half a liter of boiling water, like tea, on the indirect heat of a steamer or samovar and let it brew for 10 minutes, and after brewing, leave it for ten minutes. Then taste it. You can only prepare 2 grams of ox tongue flower in the form of tea and consume it three times a day.

The harms of consuming too much cow dung


The harms of over-consumption of the plant or the drink of cow dung can be mentioned as liver cancer and also the amount of alkaloids in its tea is not suitable for infants, children, pregnant and lactating women.

How to prepare beef tongue tea

Put 1.3 cups of cowslip, 2 small lemons, 1.4 cups of candy and boiling water in a teapot of 3 cups of boiling water, put it and put the teapot on the heat for 20 to 30 minutes to Inhale and be suitable for consumption, especially for tired or stressed people.


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